Should You Put Off Weight Loss Surgery?

JAMA Surgery study finds waiting until BMI rises more may lead to less good outcomes:

http://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamasurgery/article-abstract/2645760

NYT Magazine Feature: “Losing It in the Anti-Dieting Age”

In depth story of how the focus of losing weight has changed from looking better to feeling better and how Oprah  bought a 10 percent stake in Weight Watchers for $43 million.

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/02/magazine/weight-watchers-oprah-losing-it-in-the-anti-dieting-age.html?emc=edit_ma_20170804&nl=magazine&nlid=72309854&te=1

Study Suggests Adolescent Obesity May Reduce Adult Height

This study of 190 adolescents concluded

“Adolescents with obesity showed impairment of potential genetic adult height as compared to that of normal-weight subjects.”

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28715814

Can Acupuncture Help Obesity?

This paper reports on the review of 11 studies which used some form of acupuncture to treat obesity.

The authors conclude : “Acupuncture for simple obesity appeared to be an effective treatment, but more studies on the safety of acupuncture used to treat simple obesity are required.”

Postgrad Med J. 2017 Jul 8. pii: postgradmedj-2017-134969. doi: 10.1136/postgradmedj-2017-134969. [Epub ahead of print]

Acupuncture for the treatment of obesity in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Zhang RQ1,2, Tan J3, Li FY4, Ma YH3, Han LX2, Yang XL2.

 

Community Policies and Programs to Prevent Obesity and Child Adiposity.

Study evaluates community policies and programs (CPPs) to prevent child obesity

Frongillo EA1, Fawcett SB2, Ritchie LD3, Sonia Arteaga S4, Loria CM4, Pate RR5, John LV6, Strauss WJ7, Gregoriou M8, Collie-Akers VL2, Schultz JA2, Landgraf AJ7, Nagaraja J7.

NEJM: Health Effects of Overweight and Obesity in 195 Countries over 25 Years

This study from 195 countries was supported by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and suggests:

“In conclusion, our study provides a comprehensive assessment of the trends in high BMI and the associated disease burden. Our results show that both the prevalence and disease burden of high BMI are increasing globally. These findings highlight the need for implementation of multicomponent interventions to reduce the prevalence and disease burden of high BMI.”

Health Effects of Overweight and Obesity in 195 Countries over 25 Years

The GBD 2015 Obesity Collaborators
N Engl J Med 2017; 377:13-27
July 6, 2017 DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1614362

Does Alternate Day Fasting Lead To Better Weight Control?

This JAMA study evaluates alternate day fasting as a means to better weight control and metabolic health.  The conclusion:

“Alternate-day fasting did not produce superior adherence, weight loss, weight maintenance, or cardioprotection vs daily calorie restriction.”

Trepanowski JF, Kroeger CM, Barnosky A, Klempel MC, Bhutani S, Hoddy KK, Gabel K, Freels S, Rigdon J, Rood J, Ravussin E, Varady KA. Effect of Alternate-Day Fasting on Weight Loss, Weight Maintenance, and Cardioprotection Among Metabolically Healthy Obese AdultsA Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(7):930-938. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.0936

US Task Force Recommends Children Be Screened for Obesity

The USPSTF recommended in an article in JAMA this week that children ages 6 and older be screened for obesity.

http://jamanetwork.com/learning/audio-player/14506131?resultClick=1

Better Sleep Linked To Better Chance of Weight Loss

Research presented by Dr Christian Benedict from Uppsala University, Swedenat the European Congress of Endocrinology in Lisbon, May 2017 discusses how disrupted sleep patterns can predispose to weight gain.

http://www.ese-hormones.org/

Physical Exercise At Various Tempos Useful For Improving Physical Fitness

Study demonstrates that physical exercise at various tempos is useful for improving physical fitness, developing motor skills, and thus probably preventing obesity complications.

Benefits of a regular vs irregular rhythm-based training programme on physical fitness and motor skills in obese girls.

Racil G1, Elmontassar W2,3, Rommene I2, Tourny C4, Chaouachi A2, Coquart JB4.